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Access to Capital and Credit for Small Businesses in Appalachia
April 2007
National Community Reinvestment Coalition
This April 2007 report provides an assessment of the access to capital and credit for small business in the Appalachian Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.4 MB)
Underlying Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Health Disparities in the Appalachian Region
March 2008
Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center/Office for Social Environment and Health Research, Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University
This study investigates associations between measures of socioeconomic condition and rates of premature mortality for leading causes of death for counties in the U.S., with a focus on the Appalachian region.
Abstract & Report Contents Table of Contents and Executive Summary (in PDF)
Program Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Infrastructure and Public Works Projects
October 2007
BizMiner/Brandow Company, Inc. and Economic Development Research Group, Inc.
During 2006, the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) conducted an evaluation of infrastructure and public works projects to determine if projects achieved their original objectives. In addition, as part of the Commission's ongoing performance evaluation
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.5 MB)
Non-Renewable Energy Innovation: Research to Support the Appalachian Energy Initiative
September 2006
Global Insight, Inc.
This report analyzes non-renewable energy opportunities in Appalachia, including clean-coal generation and coal conversion to liquids, gases, and chemicals.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (748 KB)
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in Appalachia: Policy and Potential
August 2006
Marshall University Center for Business and Economic Research
This report analyzes the distribution of renewable energy resources across the Region, and the variety of programs and policies in each state and how these policies might maximize the use of the most abundant resources.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3.4 MB)
Summary of National and State Energy Policy Trends
August 2006
The Keystone Center
This report details how national and state level energy policies have focused on ensuring energy reliability and affordability, and advancing energy independence by reducing dependence on foreign energy sources.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (809 KB)
Summary of the ARC-ORCAS Energy Workshops on Creating an Energy Blueprint for Appalachia
August 2006
Oak Ridge Center for Advanced Studies
This report summarizes overall findings from three ARC energy workshops, provides recommendations for the Energy Blueprint’s development and implementation by the ARC.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (767 KB)
Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure: An Analysis of Capital Funding and Funding Gaps
August 2005
University of North Carolina Environmental Financing Center
This report analyzes the conditions of water and wastewater services in the Appalachian Region and attempts to assess the financial requirements and strategies available to improve the quality of drinking water and wastewater services in the region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3.7 MB)
Creating Regional Advantage in Appalachia: Towards a Strategic Response to Global Economic Restructuring
April 2005
Keystone Research Center
This report documents the findings of field research in seven Appalachian states on responses to worker displacement and economic restructuring. The seven states are New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, and Georgia.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (200 KB)
Meeting the Transportation Challenges of the 21st Century: Report #4: Economic Benefits of Intermodal Efficiencies
December 2004
Rahall Transportation Institute and Wilbur Smith Associates
The purpose of the current analysis is to provide some insight into the potential benefits of intermodal investment in the ARC Region, rather than serve as a major investment study.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (63 KB)
Analysis of Global Competitiveness of Selected Industries and Clusters in the Appalachian Region
November 2004
Jack Faucett Associates and Economic Development Research Group
Report #1 in a series of transportation and trade studies of the Appalachian Region
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4 MB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Community Capacity-Building Projects
July 2004
Westat Corporation
This report summarizes findings from an evaluation study of 100 community capacity-building projects funded by the ARC between 1995 and 2003.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1 MB)
Handbook: Assessing Local Economic Development Opportunities with ARC-LEAP, Appalachian Regional Commission Local Economic Assessment Package
January 2004
Economic Development Research Group, Inc.
The ARC-LEAP model serves to three related purposes, each aimed at helping practitioners identify target industries for economic development.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (300 KB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Telecommunications Projects: 1994–2000
June 2003
Westat Corporation
This program evaluation examines 70 telecommunications projects that were started and completed between 1995 and 2001.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.5 MB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Vocational Education and Workforce Training Projects
January 2002
Westat Corporation
This study examined 92 projects, including workforce and displaced-worker training, vocational education, apprenticeships, and basic and adult literacy projects that were started and completed during the 1995–2000 period.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.3 MB)
Analysis of Business Formation, Survival, and Attrition Rates of New and Existing Firms and Related Job Flows in Appalachia
October 2001
The Brandow Company
A longitudinal economic analysis of business formation, survival, and attrition rates for new and existing firms.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2 MB)
Evaluation of the Early Stages of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Entrepreneurship Initiative
March 2001
Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.
This study provided an early evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's entrepreneurship program.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (600 KB)
Collected Case Study Evaluations of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Educational Projects (Vol. 2)
March 2001
Westat Corporation
This volume reports the lessons learned from eight best-practice case study evaluations in which local stakeholders were asked to identify project-related lessons they had learned from the projects.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (500 KB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Educational Projects: Final Report (Vol. 1)
March 2001
Westat Corporation
This report evaluated the implementation and impact of 84 education projects funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission during the 1990s.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (900 KB)
Handbook for Assessing Economic Opportunities from Appalachian Development Highways
March 2001
Economic Development Research Group, Inc. and Cambridge Systematics, Inc.
This handbook has an accompanying software and worksheet toolkit that helps communities develop baseline economic data on their counties.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1 MB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Infrastructure and Public Works Program Projects
June 2000
The Brandow Company and Economic Development Research Group, Inc.
ARC commissioned this evaluation of infrastructure and public works projects in order to determine the extent to which these projects have achieved their originally stated objectives.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1 MB)
Appalachian Development Highways Economic Impact Studies
July 1998
Wilbur Smith Associates
This study evaluates both the transportation efficiency benefits and economic development impacts of the completed portions of the Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS).
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (7.5 MB)
Economic Impact Study of Completing the Appalachian Development Highway System
June 2008
Cambridge Systematics, Inc., Economic Development Research Group Inc., and HDR Decision Economics
This study assesses the travel performance, trade, and economic development impacts directly related to completing the Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS).
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4.27 MB)
Energy Efficiency in Appalachia: How Much More is Available, at What Cost, and by When?
March 2009
Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance
This study assesses the long-term energy-efficiency gains that could be achieved by implementing an ambitious package of energy-efficiency policies throughout Appalachia.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2.7 MB)
An Analysis of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disparities & Access to Treatment Services in the Appalachian Region
August 2008
National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago, and East Tennessee State University
This report presents an analysis of disparities in mental health status and substance abuse prevalence, as well as access to treatment services, in the 410-county Appalachian Region comprising all or parts of 13 states.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4.4 MB)
Creating an Entrepreneurial Appalachian Region: Findings and Lessons from an Evaluation of the ARC’s Entrepreneurship Initiative 1997-2005
April 2008
Rural Policy Research Institute
An evaluation of ARC's Entrepreneurial Initiative in terms both of outcomes achieved by a sample of funded projects and of broader policy impacts across the region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3.2 MB)
An Assessment of Alternative Measures for Determining Economically Distressed Counties and Areas in the Appalachian Region
March 2008
This report was solely funded by the 13 partner states of the Appalachian Regional Commission.
This report responds to a proactive effort by the ARC to explore new avenues for assessing wellbeing. Despite well-recognized advances, chronic socioeconomic distress persists in various pockets in the region while other areas face instability.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (8 MB)
Meeting the Transportation Challenges of the 21st Century: Report #3: Intermodal Case Studies
December 2004
Rahall Transportation Institute and Wilbur Smith Associates
This report builds on the companion regional study of commodity movements within and between the Appalachian Region and the rest of the world by transportation mode to identify exemplary case studies of intermodal initiatives and opportunities.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.2 MB)
ARC-LEAP User Instructions for the Appalachian Regional Commission Local Economic Assessment Package
January 2004
Economic Development Research Group, Inc.
User Instructions for the Appalachian Regional Commission's Local Economic Assessment Package
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (500 KB)
Meeting the Transportation Challenges of the 21st Century: Report #2: Intermodal Opportunities in the Appalachian Region
December 2004
Rahall Transportation Institute and Wilbur Smith Associates
This report identifies strategic development opportunities to leverage higher utilization of the transportation capabilities of the ADHS, rail, water, and air transportation systems in the Appalachian Region through regional intermodal transportation.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.4 MB)
Economic Impact of Rockslides in Tennessee and North Carolina
May 2010
HDR Decision Economics
This study estimates the economic impacts of two major rockslides in southwestern North Carolina and southeastern Tennessee during the fall of 2009 that resulted in the closure of sections of Interstate 40 and U.S. Route 63.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.53 MB)
Program Evaluation of ARC's Tourism, Cultural Heritage and Natural Asset-Related Projects
September 2010
Regional Technology Strategies, Inc., with Mt. Auburn Associates and Appalachian State University
This report, prepared by Regional Technology Strategies and issued in FY 2010, evaluated the outcomes of 132 Tourism, Cultural Heritage, and Natural Asset-Related projects through surveys, interviews, and statistical analysis.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2.15 MB)
The Appalachian Region in 2010: A Census Data Overview
September 2011
Population Reference Bureau
This study examines state- and county-level data on population, age, race and ethnicity, gender, housing occupancy, housing tenure, education, and migration patterns for the 13 Appalachian states.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (5.0 MB)
Planning and Financing Energy Efficient Infrastructure in Appalachia
December 2011
The Cadmus Group, Inc., with academic partners West Virginia University Regional Research Institute, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Prepared for the Appalachian Regional Commission.
This study describes the benefits of capturing energy efficiency in public infrastructure, identifies best practices in energy conservation being implemented by communities in or near the Appalachian Region, and documents costs and financial returns.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2 MB)
A Study on the Current Economic Impacts of the Appalachian Coal Industry and its Future in the Region
March 2001
Berger, Mark and Eric Thompson
University of Kentucky
This study found that, for the 118 Appalachian coal-producing counties, the total economic impact of the coal mining industry output–including the multiplier effect–was $18.4 billion in 1997.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3.5 MB)
Assessing the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Import-Competing Industries in the Appalachian Region
July 2005
Bernard, Andrew B., J. Bradford Jensen, and Peter K. Schott
Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and NBER, Institute for International Economics, and Yale School of Management and NBER
This report details the significant pressure Appalachian manufacturing will face from import competition over the near and medium term and the relatively larger industrial and community adjustments that the Region faces compared to the rest of the US.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (600 KB)
Foundation Funding in the Appalachian Region in the 1990s: Patterns, Trends, and Prospects
March 1999
Bischak, Greg
Appalachian Regional Commission
Funding from all types of private foundations is examined in this report, which shows how the Appalachian Region compares with the rest of the nation in obtaining foundation grants.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (550 KB)
Labor Market Performance, Poverty, and Income Inequality in Appalachia
September 2004
Black, Dan A., and Seth G. Sanders
Syracuse University and University of Maryland
This study examines the performance of the Appalachian economy and how residents of Appalachia fared between 1990 and 2000.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.1 MB)
The Upskilling of Appalachia: Earnings and the Improvement of Skill Levels, 1960 -- 2000
September 2007
Black, Dan A., Kelvin M. Pollard, and Seth G. Sanders
University of Chicago, Population Reference Bureau, and University of Maryland at College Park
This report examines the improvement of Appalachia’s economic fortunes relative to those in rest of the country since 1960—particularly among men and women of prime working age (ages 25 to 64).
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (132 KB)
Standards of Living in Appalachia, 1960 -- 2000
September 2007
Black, Dan A., Mark Mather, and Seth G. Sanders
University of Chicago, Population Reference Bureau, and University of Maryland at College Park
This report uses data from the 1960 to 2000 decennial census to measures the extent to which standards of living among Appalachian families have improved, and to examine housing and consumption trends
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (239 KB)
An Assessment of Labor Force Participation Rates and Underemployment in Appalachia
August 2001
Bradley, David H., Stephen A. Herzenberg, and Howard Wial
Keystone Research Center
This study provides county-level measures of labor force participation and underemployment rates for the years 1993 to 1998.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (350 KB)
Comparing Electricity Deregulation in California and Pennsylvania: Implications for the Appalachian Region
January 2002
Considine, Tim and Andy Kleit
Pennsylvania State University
This study offers a primer on electricity deregulation for state policy makers and citizens in the Appalachian Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (800 KB)
An Analysis of Oral Health Disparities and Access to Services in the Appalachian Region
July 2012
Denise D. Krause, Ph.D.; Warren L. May, Ph.D.; Nancy M. Lane, MA; Jeralynn S, Cossman, Ph.D.; Thomas R. Konrad, Ph.D.
This study analyzes disparities in oral health status and access to oral health care in the Appalachian Region, and examines relationships between oral health disparities and socioeconomic status indicators.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (6.8 MB)
Sources of Regional Growth in Non-Metro Appalachia
January 2007
Economic Development Research Group, Inc., Regional Technology Strategies, Inc., MIT Dept of Urban Studies and Planning
The Sources of Growth project is part of a series of research efforts funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission to improve understanding of factors affecting economic growth in rural and distressed areas.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report (Volumes 1 – 4) in PDF (4 MB)
Economic Diversity in Appalachia
March 2014
Edward Feser, Troy Mix, Mark White, Ken Poole, Deb Markley, and Erik Pages
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Regional Economics Applications Laboratory and the Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, with assistance from the RUPRI Center for Rural Entrepreneurship and EntreWorks Consulting
This March 2014 report provides an analysis of economic diversity trends in the Appalachian Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Economic Diversity in Appalachia: Compilation of All Documents (PDF: 6 MB)
Regional Technology Assets and Opportunities: The Geographic Clustering of High-Tech Industry, Science and Innovation in Appalachia
August 2002
Feser, Edward and Harvey Goldstein
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This study identifies sub-regional concentrations of businesses, universities, colleges, and labs that involve technology-related employment, R&D, and applied innovation within and adjacent to ARC's 406 counties.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (8 MB)
The Appalachian Economy, Establishment and Employment Dynamics, 1982-1997: Evidence from the Longitudinal Business Database
May 2003
Foster, Lucia
Bureau of the Census Center for Economic Studies
This report describes the Appalachian Region's economy in terms of the entry and exit of establishments and their wage and employment dynamics and to compare these to the rest of the U.S. economy from 1982 to 1997.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (200 KB)
Manufacturing Wage Inequality in the Appalachian Region: 1963–1992
May 2001
Galbraith, James K.
University of Texas
This study examines the inequality in manufacturing pay between manufacturing plants within states and counties of the United States, and compares them to Appalachia.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2 MB)
Program Evaluation of ARC's Education and Workforce Development Projects: 2000-2008
December 2012
Gary Silverstein and Melissa Bryce, Westat; Diana Long, Rahall Transportation Institute; and Steve Landau, Economic Development Research Group
Prepared by Westat
This report presents findings from an evaluation of education and workforce development projects funded by ARC between fiscal years 2000 and 2008, and recommendations for enhancing performance measurement procedures.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2.3 MB)
Economic Development Potential of Conventional and Potential Alternative Energy Sources in Appalachian Counties
June 2006
Glasmeier, Amy and Tom Bell
Pennsylvania State University
This report examines the economic development potential of energy resources in Appalachia.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4.7 MB)
Building on Past Experiences: Creating a New Future for Distressed Counties
January 1999
Glasmeier, Amy K. and Kurtis G. Fuellhart
Pennsylvania State University, Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation
This report studies the development experience of the distressed counties with the aim of identifying the lessons that might be learned from those counties that have changed socioeconomic status.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (5.8 MB)
Energizing Appalachia: Global Challenges and the Prospect of a Renewable Future
September 2007
Glasmeier, Amy, Ron Feingold, Amanda Guers, Gillian Hay, Teresa Lawler, Alissa Meyer, Ratchan Sangpenchan, Matthew Stern, Wesley Stroh, Polycarp Tam, Ricardo Torres, Romare Truly, and Amy Welch
Pennsylvania State University Department of Geography
This report investigates the status and behavior of the wind, solar and biomass industries in order to better understand how domestically based manufacturers might best engage this sector.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3 MB)
Educational Attainment in Appalachia
July 2004
Haaga, John
Population Reference Bureau
This paper focuses on what Census 2000 data reveal about the persistence of regional differences in high school completion and tertiary education.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (300 KB)
The Aging of Appalachia
July 2004
Haaga, John
Population Reference Bureau
This report uses data from Census 2000 to show how and why the age structure of the Appalachian population differs from the national average and varies within the Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (500 KB)
An Analysis of Disparities in Health Status and Access to Health Care in the Appalachian Region
November 2004
Halverson, Joel A.
Office of Social Environment and Health Research (OSEAHR)/Prevention Research Center
This study provides baseline information needed to assess health disparities in the Appalachian Region, to investigate causes of regional and local disparities, and to aid in developing targeted interventions aimed at reducing these disparities.
Abstract & Report Contents Executive Summary in PDF (64 KB)
Recent Trends in Poverty in the Appalachian Region: The Implications of the U.S. Census Bureau Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates on the ARC Distressed Counties Designation
August 2000
Hammer, Roger
University of Wisconsin, Applied Population Laboratory
Recent poverty trends for Appalachia are examined in this report, which looks at how the use of the Census Bureau's annual Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) would affect ARC's distressed county designations.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (6.5 MB)
Program Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission's Infrastructure and Public Works Projects
September 2013
HDR Decision Economics, Cambridge Systematics Economic Development Research Group, and Mt. Auburn Associates
This program evaluation examined ARC investments in infrastructure projects funded in fiscal years 2004-2010.
Abstract & Report Contents Full report in PDF (3.0 MB)
Displacement in Appalachia and the Non-Appalachian United States, 1993-2003: Findings Based on Five Displaced Worker Surveys
December 2005
Herzenberg, Stephan, Mark Price, and Howard Wial
Keystone Research Center
This report looks at worker displacement in the Appalachian Region during the past decade.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.5 MB)
Socioeconomic Review of Appalachia Then and Now: An Update of the "Realities of Deprivation" Reported to the President in 1964
November 1996
Isserman, Andrew
West Virginia University
In 1964, a report by the the President's Appalachian Regional Commission Report stated that Appalachia could be characterized as ". . . a region apart—geographically and statistically." This report reassesses that finding.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.5 MB)
Assessing the Landscape of Local Food in Appalachia
May 2012
Jean Haskell, Ph.D., for the Appalachian Regional Commission
This report examines the burgeoning local food movement in the Appalachian Region, describes best practices, and analyzes gaps and opportunities for expanding this sector of the economy.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (650 KB)
Birth and Death of Manufacturing Plants and Restructuring in Appalachia's Industrial Economy, 1963–1992: Evidence from the Longitudinal Research Database
November 1998
Jensen, J. Bradford
H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon Census Research Data Center, Carnegie Mellon University
This report paints a statistical portrait of Appalachia's manufacturing sector, focusing on the rate of entry and exit of new and old establishments, the pay and productivity characteristics of plants in Appalachia, the role of branch plants in the Region
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (150 KB)
Access to Capital and Credit in Appalachia and the Impact of the Financial Crisis and Recession on Commercial Lending and Finance in the Region
July 2013
Josh Silver and Archana Pradhan, National Community Reinvestment Coalition; and Spencer M. Cowan, Woodstock Institute
This study examines recent trends in the availability of capital and credit for small businesses in the Appalachian Region, compares financial conditions in 2010 with those in 2007, and assesses the impact of strategies to address capital gaps.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (8.5 MB)
The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2008-2012 American Community Survey
February 2014
Kelvin Pollard and Linda A. Jacobsen
Population Reference Bureau
This study examines state- and county-level data on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy and housing tenure, education, labor force, employment and unemployment, income and poverty, health insurance coverage, disability status, migration
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (9 MB)
The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey
February 2012
Kelvin Pollard and Linda A. Jacobsen
Population Reference Bureau
This study examines state- and county-level data on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy and housing tenure, education, labor force, employment and unemployment, income and poverty, and migration patterns for the 13 Appalachian states.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (6 MB)
The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey
February 2013
Kelvin Pollard and Linda A. Jacobsen
Population Reference Bureau
This study examines state- and county-level data on population, age, race and ethnicity, housing occupancy and housing tenure, education, labor force, employment and unemployment, income and poverty, and migration patterns for the 13 Appalachian states.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (6 MB)
Changing Patterns of Poverty and Spatial Inequality in Appalachia
April 2005
Lichter, Daniel T. and Lori Ann Campbell
Ohio State University
This report addresses the extent of socioeconomic inequality and poverty in Appalachia during the economic boom period of the 1990s.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (749 KB)
Emerging Patterns of Population Redistribution and Migration in Appalachia
April 2005
Lichter, Daniel T., Jillian Garratt, Mary L. Marshall, and Michael Cardella
Ohio State University
This report examines recent changes in patterns of Appalachian population change and migration.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.8 MB)
Household Wealth and Financial Security in Appalachia
November 2013
Linda A. Jacobsen, Marlene Lee, and Kelvin Pollard
Population Reference Bureau
This report analyzes the effects of the recent recession on household wealth and economic well-being in Appalachia and assesses whether the Region has been disproportionately affected by the economic downturn.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3 MB)
Households and Families
May 2004
Mather, Mark
Population Reference Bureau
This report analyzes trends in household and family structure in Appalachia from 1990 to 2000.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.3 MB)
Housing and Commuting Patterns in Appalachia
January 2004
Mather, Mark
Population Reference Bureau
This report analyzes trends in housing characteristics and commuting patterns in Appalachia from 1990 to 2000.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.8 MB)
An Analysis of the Economic Development Role of Business Associations and Other Intermediary Organizations Serving Appalachian Industries, Volume I: Report and Volume II: Appendix
April 2000
McCormick, Lynn E.
Hunter College at The City University of New York
This report examines the economic development role of business associations and shows how collaboration among firms through business associations and other entities can increase the participating firms' competitiveness.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (850 KB)
Demographic Diversity and Economic Change in Appalachia
July 1999
McLaughlin, Diane, Daniel T. Lichter, and Stephen A. Matthews with the assistance of Glynis Daniels and James Cameron
Pennsylvania State University
This report provides a picture of demographic diversity and economic change in Appalachia from 1980 through 1996.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.8 MB)
Capital and Credit Needs in the Appalachian Region
February 1998
Mt. Auburn Associates, Inc., with Communty Investment Associates
This study examines how conditions in the Appalachian economy and the functioning of its capital markets affect availability of capital and credit for businesses, and identifies ways to address business credit and capital needs in the Appalachian Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (13.2 MB)
Appalachian Migration Patterns, 1975-1980 and 1985-1990
March 2000
Obermiller, Phillip J., and Steven R. Howe
University of Kentucky and University of Cincinnati
This study provides a framework for understanding the changes in the Region due to in- and out-migration from 1975 to 1990. The study includes changes by age, race, educational attainment, income, and subregions.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (150 KB)
2004 Update of Links to the Future: The Role of Information and Telecommunications Technology in Appalachian Economic Development
June 2004
Oden, Michael, and Sharon Strover with Nobuya Inagaki and Chris Lucas
University of Texas
This study updates parts of the analysis found in the Links to the Future report published in June 2002.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (900 KB)
Links to the Future: The Role of Information and Telecommunications Technology in Appalachian Economic Development
June 2002
Oden, Michael, and Sharon Strover with Nobuya Inagaki, Martha Arosemena, Jeremy Gustafson, and Chris Lucas
University of Texas
This report documents the status of information, computing, and telecommunications technologies in the Appalachian Region.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (3 MB)
Developing and Assessing Potential Forward-Looking Distress Indicators for the Appalachian Region
June 2009
Partridge, M., Lobao, L., Enver, A., Jeanty, W., Beaulieu, B., Gallardo, R., and Goetz, S.
This ARC-commissioned study evaluated indicators used to classify counties as economically distressed, with the goal of improving the ability to target resources effectively to counties facing barriers to economic progress.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (16.9 MB)
Health Care Costs and Access Disparities in Appalachia
July 2012
PDA, Inc., and the Cecil B. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
This report describes the relative availability of health care resources, level of health insurance coverage and cost of providing health services in the Appalachian Region compared with the rest of the United States.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (6.9 MB)
Defining Subregions in Appalachia: Are There Better Alternatives?
June 2005
Pollard, Kelvin M.
Population Reference Bureau
This report addresses the question of whether the current configuration of the Appalachian subregions still provide an accurate reflection of areas that are relatively homogenous in their economic status and development.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (283 KB)
Appalachia at the Millennium: An Overview of Results from Census 2000
June 2003
Pollard, Kelvin M.
Population Reference Bureau.
Using data from the decennial census, this report provides a demographic, economic, and social portrait in the 410-county Appalachian Region at the dawn of the 21st century.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.5 MB)
A "New Diversity": Race and Ethnicity in the Appalachian Region
September 2004
Pollard, Kelvin M.
Population Reference Bureau
This report looks at the post–1990 racial and ethnic diversity of Appalachia.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (577 KB)
Population Growth and Distribution in Appalachia: New Realities
January 2005
Pollard, Kelvin M.
Population Reference Bureau
Using data from the decennial census and selected other sources, this report examines Appalachia's population trends between 1990 and 2000.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.7 MB)
Underemployment in Appalachia and the Rest of the United States
January 2005
Price, Mark and Howard Wial
Keystone Research Center
This data brief contains estimates of underemployment in Appalachia by state and by demographic group for each year from 1996 to 2004. These estimates are derived from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (121 KB)
Energy Workforce Trends and Training Needs in Appalachia
December 2011
Regional Technology Strategies, Inc., with Penn State University
This study uses national data to project future supply and demand for occupations associated with the energy industry in Appalachia, and the number of people enrolled in and graduating from programs in the Region’s institutions of higher education.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (5.1 MB)
Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in Appalachian Industry Clusters
February 1997
Rosenfeld, Stuart A.
Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.
This report analyzes seven industry sectors pre-selected by the Appalachian Regional Commission on the basis of their importance to the region's economy and export potential.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4 MB)
Green Schools and Sustainability in Appalachia: Case Studies in Rural Practice
March 2011
Rosenfeld, Stuart; Broun, Dan; Beacham, Chris; Bryant, Jenna; Archer-Rosenthal, Dana; Baker, Rose; Passmore, David; Riley, Dave; Liston, Cynthia
Regional Technology Strategies
This report highlights preliminary findings from the study "Energy Workforce Trends and Training Requirements", including case studies of college and university energy programs.
Abstract & Report Contents Report in PDF (2.0 MB)
Entrepreneurial Appalachia: Case Studies in Evolving Economic Sectors
November 2013
Rural Support Partners
This report summarizes entrepreneurial opportunities in the energy, health, manufacturing and local food sectors, and examines innovative projects that demonstrate multiple benefits to Appalachian communities.
Abstract & Report Contents Full report in PDF (3.3 MB)
Evaluation of the Appalachian Regional Commission-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Summer Institute for Math/Science/Technology
March 2006
Simkin, Linda and Valerie Futch
Academy for Educational Development
This March 2006 report describes some of the key immediate and long-term outcomes achieved by the Appalachian Regional Commission–Oak Ridge National Laboratory Summer Institute for Math/Science/Technology for student and teacher participants.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (337 KB)
An Analysis of the Financial Conditions of Health Care Institutions in the Appalachian Region and their Economic Impacts
December 2002
Stensland, Jeffrey, Curt Mueller, and Janet Sutton
Project HOPE
This report describes the availability of health care services in Appalachia, the financial stability of Appalachian health care institutions, and the effect of hospital closures.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (430 KB)
Industry Structure and Company Strategies of Major Domestic and Foreign Wind and Solar Energy Manufacturers: Opportunities for Supply Chain Development in Appalachia
November 2009
Susman, G.I., and Glasmeier, A.K.
This report presents results from a study of the status of the solar- and wind-energy industries in the Appalachian Region and the challenges firms and state governments face in preparing for and competing in these rapidly emerging industries.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (2.4 MB)
Strategies for Economic Improvement in Appalachia's Distressed Rural Counties
May 2012
Tim Ezzell, Dayton Lambert, and Eric Ogle
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
This report provides an understanding of the challenges confronting economic and community development efforts in rural Appalachian communities and explains the ways local governments, agencies, and community organizations plan and respond to challenging
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (12.9 MB)
Trends in National and Regional Economic Distress: 1960-2000
April 2005
Wood, Lawrence E.
Ohio University
This report analyzes recent demographic data to examine the factors explaining the graduation of distressed counties and the persistence of distress in Appalachia and other regions of the U.S.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (1.7 MB)
Progress and Challenges in Reducing Economic Distress in Appalachia: An Analysis of National and Regional Trends Since 1960
January 2000
Wood, Lawrence E. and Gregory A. Bischak
Appalachian Regional Commission
This report analyzes changes in the number of distressed counties in Appalachia and the entire United States for the census years 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (4 MB)
The Economic Impact of Tobacco Production in Appalachia
November 1998
Wood, Lawrence E., Intern
Appalachian Regional Commission
This study examines the distribution and economic impact of burley tobacco production in the Appalachian Region and the long-term diversification options.
Abstract & Report Contents Full Report in PDF (150 KB)