Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure: An Analysis of Capital Funding and Funding Gaps

This report analyzes the conditions of water and wastewater services in the Appalachian Region and attempts to assess the financial requirements and strategies available to improve the quality of drinking water and wastewater services in the region, particularly in the areas that face chronic economic distress and clear deficiencies in these services. The analyses are based on major data sources compiled by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Geological Survey, and the U.S. Census Bureau, as well as private credit-rating agencies. In addition, detailed case studies are developed to examine specific community-level services, issues, and practices.