Research, Evaluations, Maps, and Data

Economists, mapping specialists, evaluators, and data analysts in ARC’s Research and Evaluation Division regularly publish internal and commissioned reports and maps, and maintain an updated county-specific searchable data report tool. Research reports address critical socioeconomic issues impacting the Appalachian Region, while evaluations assess ARC’s own investment portfolios. ARC’s research and data is meant to help policymakers and our partners better understand Appalachia’s challenges and make more informed, effective decisions to address them. Published information also provides valid data for outside researchers studying the Region.

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ARC's Fiscal Year runs September 30 - October 1, and is named for the calendar year in which it closes. County Economic Status maps, investment data, and budget and performance documents are categorized by Fiscal Year.

Other ARC content, including research reports, evaluations and news updates, fall into the January 1- December 31 calendar year.

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Strengthening the Appalachian Regional Commission’s Grant Performance Measurement: A Roadmap and Recommendations

This evaluation was designed to help ARC learn about grant performance measurement practices at comparison organizations, assess ARC’s current grant performance measurement system, and provide recommendations for updating the current system. Full Report Strengthening the Appalachian Regional Commission’s Grant Performance Measurement: A Roadmap and Recommendations –…

County Economic Status in Appalachia, FY 2022

This map shows ARC’s economic classification of the 420 counties in the Appalachian Region for FY 2022 (October 1, 2021 through September 30, 2022). The Appalachian Regional Commission uses an index-based county economic classification system to identify and monitor the economic status of Appalachian counties. See the methodology for a description of each economic level. In fiscal year 2022, eighty-one counties are…
Photo of highway in Haywood County, Tennessee

Traffic Safety in Appalachia

This research report, commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, seeks to define the traffic safety culture in Appalachia and discusses the causes of the common safety problems in the Region. Drivers in Appalachia must contend with environmental concerns, including expansive rural regions, mountainous and curved terrain, and dense forests exposed…

Public Transportation in Appalachia – Inventory and Assessment

This research report, commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, documents the extent to which existing transit services are adequately creating or enhancing access for disadvantaged populations in Appalachia, particularly those in rural Appalachia. The report also documents current best transportation practices across the Region and explores how transportation intersects with…
Appalachian Development Highlight System Corridor 8, Near Norton, VA

Access in Appalachia

This study, commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission, analyzes how transportation options, and lack thereof, can impact economic development and access to services across the Region. The report understands transportation accessibility as the ability of people and businesses to access desired and needed activities, services, and goods within existing transportation…