This report examines the economic development potential of energy resources in Appalachia. Part one explores a set of scenarios that are used by researchers to develop estimates of the job impacts of various energy consumption and production profiles. This data and analysis provides a foundation to discuss the potential economic impacts of these developments. Part two examines the geographic distribution of a range of non-renewable and renewable energy resources within the Appalachian Region. Part three examines in more detail the industrial base of sectors supplying the biomass, wind energy and solar sectors in the Region. Part four identifies industry and supply-chain opportunities and offers recommendations.